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Lineage and Honors
101st Cavalry
(Wingfoot)

Organized 29 December 1860 in the New York State Militia from new and existing companies at Albany as the 10th Regiment.

(New York State Militia redesignated 23 April 1862 as the New York National Guard)

Mustered into Federal service 21 November 1862 at Albany as the 177th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment; mustered out of Federal service 10 September 1863 at Albany and resumed state status as the 10th Regiment.

Reorganized and redesignated 17 February 1881 as the 10th Battalion.

Redesignated 27 April 1898 as the 1st battalion, 1st New York Volunteer Infantry.

Mustered into Federal service 20 May 1898 at Camp Black, New York; mustered out of Federal service 20 February 1899 at Albany and reorganized as the 10th Infantry Battalion.

Consolidated 1 May 1905 with the 1st Battalion, 1st Infantry Regiment (organized 1 April 1898 with Headquarters at Mount Vernon), and consolidated unit reorganized and redesignated as the 10th Infantry Regiment with Headquarters at Albany.

Mustered into Federal service 16-22 July 1917 at home stations: drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917.

(10th Infantry organized 3 August 1917 in the New York Guard with Headquarters at Albany to replace regiment in Federal service.)

Reorganized and redesignated 4 January 1918 as the 51st Pioneer Infantry.

Demobilized 8 July 1919 at Camp Upton, New York.

Consolidated with the 10th Infantry, New York Guard, and consolidated unit reorganized in the New York National Guard as the 10th Infantry with Headquarters Federally recognized 22 May 1922 at Albany.

Assigned 29 January 1927 to the 93d Infantry Brigade.

Inducted into Federal service 15 October 1940 at home stations.

Redesignated 11 December 1940 as the 106th Infantry and assigned to the 27th Division (later redesignated as the 27th Infantry Division).

Inactivated 31 December 1945 at Fort Lawton, Washington.

Relieved 17 May 1947 from assignment to the 27th Infantry Division.

1st Battalion withdrawn 3 November 1947 from the 106th Infantry and converted, reorganized, and Federally recognized as the 7th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion, an element of the 27th Infantry Division (later reorganized and redesignated as the 27th Armored Division), with Headquarters at Albany (remainder of 106th Infantry - hereafter separate lineage).

Redesignated 1 May 1950 as the 106th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion.

Redesignated 15 October 1952 as the 127th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion.

Redesignated 1 October 1953 as the 127th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion.

Reorganized and redesignated 16 March 1959 as the 210 Artillery, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st Automatic Weapons Battalion.

Converted and redesignated 1 October 1960 as the 210th Armor to consist of the 1st Medium Tank Battalion, and element of the 27th Armored Division.

Reorganized 15 April 1963 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 27th Armored Division.

Reorganized 1 February 1968 to consist of the 1st Battalion.

Withdrawn 20 October 1986 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System with Headquarters at Albany.

Consolidated 1 September 1993 with the 101st Cavalry (see ANNEX 1) and consolidated unit reorganized as the 101st Cavalry, with Headquarters at Staten Island, to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 42d Infantry Division.

 

ANNEX 1

Organized in early 1885 at New York, New York, as the New York Hussars.

Redesignated in 1886 as the First Hussars.

Mustered into the New York National Guard 2 April 1889 at New York as Troop A, Cavalry.

Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated 9 February 1895 as Squadron A, Cavalry, with Headquarters at New York.

(While remaining in state service Squadron A, Cavalry, additionally formed Troop A, New York Volunteer Cavalry; mustered into Federal service 20 May 1898 at Camp Black, New York, and mustered out of Federal service 28 November 1898 at New York.)

Consolidated 27 December 1911 with Squadron C, Cavalry (see ANNEX 2), and the 3d Squadron, Cavalry (organized 11 September 1911 with Headquarters at Albany), to form the 1st Cavalry Regiment with Headquarters at New York.

Expanded 11 March 1912 to form the 1st Cavalry Regiment with Headquarters at New York and the 2d Cavalry Regiment with Headquarters at Brooklyn.

1st Cavalry Regiment (less Manhattan elements) and 2d Cavalry Regiment consolidated 5 November 1913 and consolidated unit designated as the 2d Cavalry Regiment with Headquarters at Brooklyn; Manhattan elements of the 1st Cavalry Regiment concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 1st Squadron, Cavalry, and the Machine Gun Troop, Cavalry.

      After 5 November 1913 the above units underwent changes as follows: 
     2d Cavalry Regiment redesignated 10 December 1913 as the 1st Cavalry Regiment.
     Mustered into Federal service 28 June-1 July 1916 at New York; mustered out of Federal Service 13-24 March 1917 at home stations.
     Mustered into Federal service 31 March-1 April and 16-22 July 1917 at home stations; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917.
     (1st Cavalry organized 3 August 1917 in the New York Guard with Headquarters in Brooklyn to replace regiment in Federal service)
     Regiment broken up 1-17 October 1917 and it's elements converted and redesignated as the 104th and 106th Machine Gun Battalions and the 102d Trench Mortar Battery, elements of the 27th Division.
     104th and 106th Machine Gun Battalions and 102d Trench Mortar Battery demobilized 1 April 1919 at Camp Upton, New York.
     Former 1st Cavalry Regiment consolidated with the 1st Cavalry, New York Guard, and consolidated unit reorganized in the New York National Guard as the 101st Cavalry, with Headquarters Federally recognized 11 July 1921 at Brooklyn, and assigned to the 21st Cavalry Division.

 

           1st Squadron, Cavalry, redesignated 5 March 1914 as Squadron A, Cavalry.
     Mustered into Federal service 30 June 1916 at New York; mustered out of Federal service 28 December 1916 at New York.
     Mustered into Federal service 22 July 1917 at New York; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917.
     (Squadron A organized 3 August 1917 in the New York Guard with Headquarters at New York to replace squadron in Federal service.)
     Squadron A, Cavalry, and Machine Gun Troop, Cavalry, consolidated 13 October 1917 and consolidated unit converted and redesignated as the 105th Machine Gun Battalion, an element of the 27th Division.
     Demobilized 2 April 1919 at Camp Upton, New York.
     Consolidated with Squadron A, Cavalry, New York Guard, and consolidated unit reorganized as the 51st Machine Gun Squadron, with Headquarters Federally recognized 13 December 1921 at New York, and assigned to the 21st Cavalry Division.

 

(2d Squadron, 101st Cavalry, expanded, reorganized, and redesignated 15 February 1928 as the 121st Cavalry - hereafter separate lineage; 51st Machine Gun Squadron [see above] concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 2d Squadron, 101st Cavalry.)

101st Cavalry relieved 1 October 1940 from assignment to the 21st Cavalry Division.

Inducted into Federal service 27 January 1941 at home stations.

Regiment broken up 21 December 1943 and it's elements reorganized and redesignated as follows:

           Headquarters and Headquarters Troop as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 101st Cavalry Group, Mechanized.
     1st and 2d Squadrons as the 101st and 116th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadrons, Mechanized, respectively.

 

After 21 December 1943 the above units underwent changes as follows:

           Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 101st Cavalry Group, Mechanized, inactivated 25 October 1945 at Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts
     Reorganized and Federally recognized 16 January 1948 at Brooklyn as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 24th Armored Group.
     101st Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron Group, Mechanized, inactivated 7 September 1945 at Camp Campbell, Kentucky.
     Reorganized and Federally recognized 5 February 1948 as the 116th Tank Battalion with Headquarters at Brooklyn.
     Reorganized and redesignated 1 February 1949 as the 142d Heavy Tank Battalion and assigned to the 42d Infantry Division.
     116th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized, inactivated 10 November 1945 at Camp Campbell, Kentucky.
     Reorganized and Federally recognized 18 December 1947 as the 101st Mechanized Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron with Headquarters at New York.

 

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 24th Armored Group; 142d Heavy Tank Battalion; and 101st Mechanized Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron consolidated 1 January 1950 to form the 101st Armored Cavalry with Headquarters at Brooklyn.

101st Armored Cavalry (less 3d Battalion) reorganized and redesignated 16 March 1959 as the 101st Armor, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st Reconnaissance Squadron, an element of the 42d Infantry Division (3d Battalion concurrently converted and redesignated as the 102d Military Police Battalion - hereafter separate lineage).

Reorganized and redesignated 15 April 1963 as the 101st Cavalry to consist of the 1st Squadron, an element of the 42d Infantry Division.

Reorganized 1-17 February 1968 to consist of the 1st Squadron (less Troop C allotted to the Pennsylvania Army National Guard), an element of the 42d Infantry Division.

Reorganized 1 April 1975 to consist of the 1st Squadron, an element of the 42d Infantry Division.

Reorganized 1 September 1978 to consist of the 1st Squadron (less Troop D allotted to the South Carolina Army National Guard), an element of the 42d Infantry Division.

Reorganized 15 July-1 October 1987 to consist of the 1st Squadron, an element of the 42d Infantry Division.

Withdrawn 28 October 1986 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System with Headquarters at Staten Island.

 

ANNEX 2

Organized 16 December 1895 in the New York National Guard at Brooklyn as Troop B, Cavalry.

Redesignated 29 December 1895 as Troop C, Cavalry.

Mustered into Federal service 20 May 1898 at Camp Black, New York, as Troop C, New York Volunteer Cavalry; mustered out of Federal service 25 November 1898 at Brooklyn and resumed state status as Troop C, Cavalry.

Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated 28 December 1904 as Squadron C, Cavalry.

 

 

Campaign Participation Credit
 

Civil War

World War II

Mississippi River

Rhineland

Central Europe

War with Spain

Eastern Europe (with arrowhead)

Puerto Rico

Western Pacific

Ryukyus

World War I

Somme Offensive

Ypres-Lys

Meuse-Argonne

St. Mihiel

Flanders 1918

Lorraine 1918

 

Headquarters Company (Staten Island), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

World War II - AP

Luzon

 
Company A (Staten Island), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

World War II - EAME

Naples-Foggia (with arrowhead)

Rome-Arno

Anzio (with arrowhead)

Southern France (with arrowhead)

Ardennes-Alsace

Company B (Albany), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

World War II - EAME

Normandy

Northern France

World War I - AP

Central Pacific

Company C (Albany), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

World War II - AP

Luzon

 

Decorations

Headquarters Company (Staten Island), 1st Battalion, entitled to:
      Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 17 OCTOBER 1944 TO 4 JULY 1945.

Company A (Staten Island), 1st Battalion, entitled to:
     Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered MERKENDORF.

Company B (Albany) and Company C (Albany), 1st Battalion, each entitled to:
     Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered SAIPAN.

 

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